Can anyone name any examples of scientific developments that have been put to uses for which they were not originally intended? - HotUKDeals
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Can anyone name any examples of scientific developments that have been put to uses for which they were not originally intended?

Mrs.Z Avatar
5y, 5m agoPosted 5 years, 5 months ago
I have to write a big essay on this but my brain has gone dead, I can't think of anything to start researching about AND I have scoured Google to no avail.

Thought/hoped you intelligent peeps here might be able to get me started...

Anyone? Would be greatly appreciated.
Thanks x
Mrs.Z Avatar
5y, 5m agoPosted 5 years, 5 months ago
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#1
Internet, was not invented for porn :p
3 Likes #2
viagra, they are using it for heart problems in babies.
1 Like #3
Most techniques used in forensic science have been adapted from conventional research methods.
#4
[quote=boabbyrab]Internet, was not invented for porn :p[/quot
Hi were did you get your socks, would love to get some for wife
#5
wendyak
viagra, they are using it for heart problems in babies.

Oh really? How interesting, thanks - will go and look it up :)
1 Like #6
Splitting the atom?

Apparently Einstein didn't even consider the idea that a split atom could be used in a bomb when he put the idea of simply splitting the atom forward.

How about Viagra?

Started with the intention of being a heart drug, but didn't work. It's odd side effect was appealing enough to make the drug company millions anyway.

(those are my two)

Edited By: wimmer on Jun 23, 2011 14:51
[helper] 1 Like #7
I'm sure some drugs will for into that category - I'm sure viagra was being tested as a treatment for some other condition before the "side effects" were noticed......
2 Likes #8
Superglue.
1 Like #9
Chemotherapy (From Wikipedia)

History
Further information: History of cancer chemotherapy

The use of minerals and plant-based medicines are believed to date back to prehistoric medicine.

The first use of drugs to treat cancer, however, was in the early 20th century, although it was not originally intended for that purpose. Mustard gas was used as a chemical warfare agent during World War I and was studied further during World War II. During a military operation in World War II, following a German air raid on the Italian harbour of Bari, a group of people were accidentally exposed to mustard gas (there stockpiled by the allied forces) and were later found to have very low white blood cell counts.[1] It was reasoned that an agent that damaged the rapidly growing white blood cells might have a similar effect on cancer. Therefore, in the 1940s, several patients with advanced lymphomas (cancers of certain white blood cells) were given the drug by vein, rather than by breathing the irritating gas. Their improvement, although temporary, was remarkable.[2][3] That experience led researchers to look for other substances that might have similar effects against cancer. As a result, many other drugs have been developed to treat cancer, and drug development since then has exploded into a multibillion-dollar industry, although the principles and limitations of chemotherapy discovered by the early researchers still apply.[4
#10
The glue on post-it notes.
[helper] 1 Like #11
Microwave ovens came from WW2 radar research.....

Google serendipity and science and you'll get a few suggestions.

Edited By: gari189 on Jun 23, 2011 15:03
#12
Viagra, seriously.
1 Like #13
Wooly socks were invented to keep feet warm. but were the Welshmans first fleshlight.

Edited By: splatsplatsplat on Jun 23, 2011 19:29: .
#14
FooFighter
Superglue.

LOL.

If you're going to have that (and get away with it) then i'm going to say WD40 :p
#15
Coca Cola.

Invented originally as a tonic/medicine apparently.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coca-Cola
#16
Ribena was supposed to be used in milk and not with water... And I was going to say the microwave but someone already took it!
#17
a few, I seem to remember cracked.com did a similar article a while back.
#18
Shengis
FooFighter
Superglue.
LOL.

If you're going to have that (and get away with it) then i'm going to say WD40 :p


But its true, it was invented to glue people together in Vietnam war I think
banned#19
Super glue

Super glue, Krazy glue, Eastman 910 and similar glues are all a special type of glue called cyanoacrylates. Cyanoacrylates were invented in 1942 by Dr. Harry Coover of Kodak Laboratories during experiments to make a special extra-clear plastic suitable for gun sights. He found they weren't suitable for that purpose, so he set the formula aside. Six years later he pulled it out of the drawer thinking it might be useful as a new plastic for airplane canopies. Wrong again--but he did find that cyanoacrylates would glue together many materials with incredible strength and quick action, including two very expensive prisms when he tried to test the ocular qualities of the substance. Seeing possibilities for a new adhesive, Kodak developed "Eastman #910" (later "Eastman 910") a few years later as the first true "super glue." In a now-famous demonstration conducted in 1959, Dr. Coover displayed the strength of this new product on the early television show "I've Got a Secret," where he used a single drop placed between two steel cylinders to lift the host of the show, Garry Moore, completely off of the ground.


The use of cyanoacrylate glues in medicine was considered fairly early on. Eastman Kodak and Ethicon began studying whether the glues could be used to hold human tissue together for surgery. In 1964 Eastman submitted an application to use cyanoacrylate glues to seal wounds to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Soon afterward Dr. Coover's glue did find use in Vietnam--reportedly in 1966 cyanoacrylates were tested on-site by a specially trained surgical team, with impressive results. According to an interview with Dr. Coover by the Kingsport Times-News:

http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/2187/was-super-glue-invented-to-seal-battle-wounds-in-vietnam

Edited By: slamdunkin on Jun 23, 2011 15:25
#20
Thank you SO much (nearly :D) everyone, some excellent answers to get me on my way :D
1 Like #21
Another medicine, Zyban the stop smoking drug was originally an anti-depressant. All the people they put on it stopped smoking so they changed its focus as it was worth more as a stop smoking drug.
1 Like #23
Teflon, discovered by accident. Used on the Manhattan Project and then everywhere since.
#24
Pipe cleaners

Kudos to whoever comes up with their original purpose
#25
Can anyone think of any examples where any discoveries were instead put to negative uses? :)
#26
Pipe cleaners

Kudos to whoever comes up with their original purpose
#27
Pipe cleaners

Kudos to whoever comes up with their original purpose
suspended 1 Like #28
Mrs.Z
Can anyone think of any examples where any discoveries were instead put to negative uses? :)

Would the atom bomb not cover that one?
1 Like #29
Hissy Miss
Mrs.Z
Can anyone think of any examples where any discoveries were instead put to negative uses? :)

Would the atom bomb not cover that one?
I'm gonna try that one but need more examples :)
1 Like #30
wendyak
viagra, they are using it for heart problems in babies.


Sildenafil / Viagra was originally for the treatment of angina

OriginsSildenafil (compound UK-92,480) was synthesized by a group of pharmaceutical chemists working at Pfizer's Sandwich, Kent, research facility in England. It was initially studied for use in hypertension (high blood pressure) and angina pectoris (a symptom of ischaemic heart disease). The first clinical trials were conducted in Morriston Hospital in Swansea.[40] Phase I clinical trials under the direction of Ian Osterloh suggested that the drug had little effect on angina, but that it could induce marked penile erections.[41][42] Pfizer therefore decided to market it for erectile dysfunction, rather than for angina. The drug was patented in 1996, approved for use in erectile dysfunction by the US Food and Drug Administration on March 27, 1998, becoming the first oral treatment approved to treat erectile dysfunction in the United States, and offered for sale in the United States later that year.[43] It soon became a great success: annual sales of Viagra peaked in 2008 at US$1,934 million.[44]




also Nitroglycerin led to Glyceryl trinitrate for treatment of angina and other heart related diseases

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nitroglycerin

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glyceryl_trinitrate_(pharmacology)



Edited By: dontasciime on Jun 23, 2011 16:49
#31
I think what I need is examples where scientific developments have been misused or put to better use. I don't think accidental discoveries are going to be accepted.

So far I think the atom bomb one and viagra fit what I need :)
#32
Pipe cleaners

Kudos to whoever comes up with their original purpose
1 Like #33
Attempts to create artificial elements not on the periodic table led to a bunch of those that are used in nuclear stuff like reactors, bombs and munitions.

Hate trying to type on my phone.
#34
wincey
Shengis
FooFighter
Superglue.

LOL.

If you're going to have that (and get away with it) then i'm going to say WD40 :p



But its true, it was invented to glue people together in Vietnam war I think

But its still glue in that sense, just like people use WD as a lubricant (a **** lubricant imho, 3-in-1's much better)
1 Like #35
RichD
Pipe cleaners

Kudos to whoever comes up with their original purpose

http://familyfun.go.com/assets/cms/crafts/famf69spiderweb_spider.gif
#36
Cling Film or plastic wrap
"Plastic wrap's history is built on a laboratory error and serendipity. Plastic wrap was invented in 1953 by a scientist who was trying to make a hard plastic cover for his car; his experiment was completely unsuccessful but he then found the usefulness of plastic wrap which he happened to create instead".
Wiki
#38
Dynamite invented by Alfred Nobel - should have given himself a peace prize :D
#39
I'm sure I read something regarding Electromagnetic pulses somewhere...
#40
Aspirin - concocted in line with a recipes that date back to 400bc, originally intended to cure fever, pain and inflammation. Used for numerous ailments nowadays, heart failure, anti-coagulant, various cancers along with migraine, rheumatic fevers etc.

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